Bheema did not know how to defeat Jarasandha. He threw Jarasandha to the ground, held his legs and split his body in two. He was also a great devotee of Lord Shiva. Not having the heart to kill a living child, the demoness gave it up to the king, explaining what had happened. With a large army they invested that city and encamped on the banks of the Yamuna to the great terror of their foes. Annexation of kingdom. They were welcomed very warmly by Yudhishtra who expressed his gratitude to Krishna for the success of their mission. He called his son Jarasandha – one who was put together by Jara. So, Krishna, Bhima and Arjuna disguised as Brahmins and went to the capital of Jarasandha. Later the invaded king, if alive - would surrender to the winning king. On their coming in contact a boy was formed, who cried out aloud. Vaka, the king of the Karushas, Hansa and Dimvaka, Dantavakra, Karusha, Karava, Meghavahana, Yavanas, Muru and Naraka, Varuna, who is called Bhagadatta, Purujit, Chedis, Vanga, Pundra, Paundraka, Vasudeva espoused the side of Jarasandha. Krishna, who witnessed how Jarasandha’s flesh found its own way back to flesh, motioned to his own cousin with his fingers: toss the halves of his body in opposite directions, he suggested. Since, Jarasandha was brought to life when the two lifeless halves joined together, conversely, he can be killed only when these his body was torn into two halves and find a way as how these two don't merge. descents with Ripunjaya, who was slain, and his throne assumed Bhima killed Jarasandha like Pashu (animal). Jarasandha (Sanskrit: जरासंध) was A badass villain from Hindu Mythology. Thus, Krishna advised Yudhisthira that Jarasandha must be killed before Yudhisthira starts performing the Rajasuya yagna. Jarasandha was the son of Brihadratha, the King of Magadha. To these five princes one hundred and The father gave the boy the name Jarasandha after the witch, because he had been put together by Jara. Jarasandha had been made up of two halves of one child. Likewise, the Dwandwa Yudda between king Vaali (Sugreeva's brother) and a demon in the form of a Buffalow lasts for 45 days. Thus, these 95 kings along with the Sahdeva ruler of Magadha became an ally of Pandavas who took part in the great Mahabharat war later. So, Jarasandha attacked Mathura repeatedly. The rishi took pity upon him and on finding the cause of his sorrow, gave him a fruit that he blessed with fertility, instructing him to give it to his wife (The sage did not know that he had two). Pradyota, on the throne. The father named the boy as Jarasandha (meaning the two pieces were brought together by Jara). Jara was a demoness who put the two halves of Jarasandha together after finding them by a tree. युवान च्वांग ने भी इस गुहा का उल्लेख किया है तथा इसे असुरों का निवास स्थान माना है. But usually that was meant for extending their borders. He was the son of Brihadratha, Vedic king. Brihadratha loved both his wives equally and had all the material joys of the world, but no son. The word Jarasandha has been explained as a combination of two Sanskrit words: jara (जरा) and sandha (सन्ध), "joining". His wives were the twin princesses of Kashi. Dwaraka was an island and it was not possible for anyone to attack it at all. Jarāsandha (जरासन्ध):—Son of Bṛhadratha (one of the sons of Uparicara Vasu, who was the son of Kṛtī). To find a way out, Krishna suggested to wage a Mallayudda (one on one battle / wrestling) with Jarasandha. कुछ विद्वानों के मत में यह भारत की प्राचीनतम इमारत है. Sachdeva became king of Magadha after the death of Jarasandha by the Pandavas (Bhima). If he sacrificed these 100 kings in this yagna, then Jarasandha would become invincible by the grace of lord Shiva. Managed by: Andrei uSTARes ACOSTA: Last Updated: September 30, 2017 The latter was impressed and made Kamsa his son-in-law. Jarāsandha had a son named Sahadeva. Thus, these 95 kings along with Sahadeva, the new ruler of Magadha became an ally of Pandavas who took part in the Mahabharata … विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[5] ने लेख किया है ..पिप्पलगुहा (AS, p.559), बिहार. Sanaka derived no personal Now, he tore Jarasandha's body into two and threw them in opposite directions. A Dwandwa yudda refers to a one on one battle between two great warriors. a) The sound of their voices b) Their physical stature ... Jarasandha’s son as their servant 08. Jarasandha became a famed and powerful king, extending his empire far and wide. Therefore, on the advise of his close friend king Banasura, Jarasandh decided to get his two daughters 'Asti and Prapti' married to the Crown-Prince of Mathura, Kansa. So, Jarasandha was planning to make one last attack on Dwaraka after this Yagna. Bheema had defeated Jarasandha and Krishna installed Jarasandha’s son as the king of Magadha. These abortions were regarded with horror and thrown away. Sisupala, placed himself under his protection and became the generalissimo of his forces. His wives were the twin princesses of Kashi. The meaning of Jarasandha is 'the one who is joined by Jara'. After performing his Shiva pooja, he used to give whatever the Brahmins asked for. This would in turn make Jarasandha an emperor. With Jarasandha's support, Kamsa became even more powerful. Not wishing to displease either wife, Brihadratha cut the fruit in half and gave it to both of them. In return, Jarasandha’s son agreed to be a vassal to the Pandavas. How gruesome was the father if his own son was admitting to his wrongdoings? Brihadratha was the king of Magadha. Soon both the wives became pregnant and gave birth to two halves of a human body. Naturally, Dantavakra was also very much against Krishna and the Pandavas in general. It was only after a month long battle, the battle concluded by some unique strategies adapted by one warrior in order to gain an upperhand over his opponent. Brihadratha had two wives who were childless. Jarasandha, the king of Magadha, is a character of the epic Mahabharata. तक वर्तमान थी. Jarasandha (जरासंध) was a great and powerful Chandravanshi king of Magadha. There are many stories found … After his death, the Pandavasreleased all the 95 kings who were imprisoned by Jarasandha and made the Son of Jarasandha (Sahdeva) as the king of Magadha. (देखें लिस्ट ऑफ एंशिएंट मोनुमेंट्स इन बंगाल-1895, पृ.262-263), विजयेन्द्र कुमार माथुर[6] ने लेख किया है .....बार्हद्रथपुर (AS, p.622) महाभारत काल में गिरिव्रज (राजगृह, बिहार) का एक नाम था, इसका उल्लेख महाभारत, सभापर्व में हुआ है- 'विवेश राजाद्युतिमान् बार्हद्रथपुरं नृप, अभिषिक्तो महाबाहुर्जारासंधिर्महात्मभि:'सभापर्व, 24, 44. The Child cried loudly which created panic for Jara. After his death, the Pandavas released all the 95 kings who were imprisoned by Jarasandha and made the Son of Jarasandha (Sahdeva) as the king of Magadha. JARASANDHA. Attributed to Fattu, eldest son of Manaku - The Siege of Mathura by Jarasandha - 2008.293 - Museum of Fine Arts.jpg 3,200 × 2,390; 1.87 MB Battle between Balarama and Jarasandha. Chandakaushika arrived at the court and saw the child. When the two halves came together, a boy was formed and cried loudly. His father, Bṛhadratha, once approached a sage to seek a blessing to have a son. Jarasandha had also lent his army and his personal advise to Kansa to create a coup in Mathura. He prevailed over many kings, and was crowned emperor of Magadha. a) Arjuna b) Bhima c) Krishna d) All the above 09. Brihadratha named his child ‘Jarasandha’. But he hated Krishna, so he was on the wrong side of the story. Managed by: Sahadev Pandu: Last Updated: February 1, 2015 Frustrated over his inability to have children, he retreated to the forest and eventually ended up serving a rishi named Chandakaushika. On one occasion the army of Krishna was defeated in a battle, but Balarama not only retrieved the confusion of his army, but made a vigorous attack on the allied force. He attacked Mathura 17 times with an army bigger than the last. The name of the son of Jarasandha was Sahadeva. Jarasandha had many kings in captivity, and when Krishna returned from Dwaranka, he, with Bhima and Arjuna, went to Jarasandha's capital for the purpose of slaying their enemy (as Jarasandha was perceived to be a king who would not consent to Yudhisthira becoming the Emperor by performing the Rajasuya yagna) and liberating the kings. Sensing danger over the repeated attack on Mathura by Jarasandha, Krishna relocated his capital city to Dwaraka. These two lifeless halves were very horrifying to view. On the advise of Krishna he learnt that Jarasandha is the only obstacle who will oppose Yudhisthira from becoming an emperor. Ancestry of Jarasandha as per Bhagavata Purana is as under: Samvarana (+Tapati) → Kuru → Sudhana → Suhotra → Chyavana → Kriti → Uparichara Vasu → Vrihadratha → Jarasandha → Sahadeva → Somapi → Sruta Sravas. They each gave birth to half a child, and the king threw away the halves. He was just, capable, and strong in every sense. Pashu, needless to explain, is the primary Food in Yajna (Sacrifice). He threw Jarasandha to the ground, held his legs and split his body in two. Jarasandha choose Bheema to wrestle. इसे जरासंध की गुहा भी कहते हैं. by his minister, Sanaka, whose dynasty terminated in the fifth So, Brihadratha ordered these to be thrown in the forest. Similarly, the dwandayuddha between Parasurama and Bhishma lasts for 30 days, while that between Krishna and Jambavan lasts for 28 days. The direct line of Jarasandha terminates in twenty-three He then threw the two halves of Jarasandha far away from each other so that they might not join. He was in need of 5 more kings, after which Jarasandha could perform an Yagna to Lord Shiva. King Jarasandha planned to conduct a yagna in which he wanted to sacrifice one hundred Kshatriya kings in order to sabotage the Rajasuya Yagna of the Pandavas and prevent them from achieving the status of emperors. On one such occasion Krishna, Arjuna and Bheema in the guise of Brahmins met Jarasandha. Incidentally when she brought both of her palms together,the two pieces joined together giving rise to a living child. 1 That Rakshasa woman, O Partha, who was there within the earth, was slain with her son and kinsmen by … कुछ पाली ग्रंथों के अनुसार प्रथम धर्म-संगीति का सभापति महाकश्यप पिप्पलगुहा में ही रहा करता था. जरासंध की राजधानी होने के कारण गिरिव्रज को बार्हद्रथपुर अर्थात् 'बृहद्रथ के पुत्र' - 'जरासंध का नगर' कहा जाता था।, Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 13, James Todd Annals/Chapter 4 Foundations of States and Cities by the different tribes, James Todd Annals/Chapter 5 The dynasties which succeeded Rama and Krishna, Rajatarangini of Kalhana:Kings of Kashmira/Book I, Aitihasik Sthanavali by Vijayendra Kumar Mathur, http://www.jatland.com/w/index.php?title=Jarasandha&oldid=450577. Jarasandha was the father in law of Kamsa. Both of them fought for 27 days. When Krishna killed Kansa in Mathura, Jarasandha become enraged because of Krishna and the entire Yadavas clan on seeing his two daughters being widowed. The Story of Krishna and Jarasandha King Brihadratha of Magadha was married to the twin daughters of the King of Kashi. Hence, Jarasandha could not attack the Yadavas anymore. This is utter cruelty. So, when Bhim ripped Jarasandha apart once again, he swung his left half … While he led a content life and was a famed king, he was unable to have children for a very long time. Gonanda I, who ruled in Kashmira, where the Ganges flows cheering the mount Kailasa on her way, was invited by Jarasindhu to help him in his invasion of Mathura, the capital of Krishna. Thus in those days, many of the Dwandwa yuddas fought between two great warriors lasted for more than a month. The Vishnu Purana states that he was the son of Vriddhasharman and Shrutadeva. Brihadratha had two wives, who after being long barren brought forth two halves of a boy. But he was defeated by Krishna and Balaram every single time. Jarasandha was a great devotee of the Hindu god Shiva, who became the great Maharathi in the Mahabharata war. King SAHADEVA of Magadha Jarasandha: Birthdate: before -1718: Death:-1676 Immediate Family: Son of King JARĀSANDHA Brihadratha and Wife of Jarasandha Father of King SOMĀPI of Magadha and MARJARI Sahadeva Brother of ASTI Kamsa and PRĀPTI Kamsa. Krishna further stated that it was not possible for Yudhisthira to defeat Jarasandha in a war as he had a boon of not being killed through any weapons. O Vishnu, languishing as we all were in the terrible hill-fort of Jarasandha, it was verily from sheer good fortune alone that thou hast rescued us, O son of the Yadu race, and achieved thereby a remarkable reputation. thirty-eight years are assigned. During his wedding in Mathura, Jarasandha brought over his army to escort the Princesses Asti and Prapti. In the guise of Brahmins, Bhima, Arjuna, and Krishna set out for Magadha, Jarasandha’s kingdom. After his death, the Pandavas released all the 95 kings imprisoned by Jarasandha and crowned his son, Sahadevaas the king of Magadha. Bhima and Arjuna, … generation with Nandivardandhana. संभवत: पिप्पलगुहा की निर्मिति भी इन्हीं शिल्पियों ने की होगी. This left him in a depressed state. Sahadeva bowed low before the god among men, Vasudeva; and presenting him many gems and jewels, he worshipped him. He prevailed over many kings, and was crowned emperor of Magadha. Hence a part of my splendour which is surpassing three worlds, be imbibed in him (by me). He prophesied to Brihadratha that his son will be specially gifted and would be a great devotee of Lord Shiva. Jarasandha chose to fight with _____. Yudhisthira was planning to make a Rajasuya yagna or Ashwameda Yagna in order to become an emperor. And because it was Jara that had united those two halves, it was for this that he came to be called Jarasandha . In past the kings used to invade other kingdoms. In return, Jarasandha's son agreed to be a vassal to the Pandavas. A witch / man-eating demoness (Rakshasi) named Jara picked them up and put them together to carry them off. The fight lasted long, for 27 days. The sage gave him a mango, which the king divided into two, giving half to each of his wives. Jara carried the son and returned it to the King. son Sahadeva, and grandson Marjari, are declared to have been contemporaries of the Mahabharata, and consequently coeval with Parikshita, the Delhi sovereign. Rajgir is in Patna District. The descendants of the former terminated with Jarasandha, whose capital was Rajagriha on the Ganges, in the province of Bihar. The son of Jarasandha, the high-minded Sahadeva, came out there with his relatives and his ministers, his priest being at the head of the procession. They went in disguise of three Brahmins and told Jarasandha to choose one of them to fight with. Sabha Parva, Mahabharata/Book II Chapter 13 gives the list of: Kshatriyas in support of Jarasandha: Jarasandha, enjoying the sovereignty over the middle portion of the earth (Mathura), resolved to create a disunion amongst Kings. List Tribes fled out of fear of Jarasandha - Surasenas, Bhadrakas, Vodhas, Salwas, Patachcharas, Susthalas, Mukuttas, Kulindas, Kuntis, Salwayana, Panchalas, Kosalas , [Matsya]]s, Sannyastapadas. He then threw the two halves of Jarasandha far away from each other so that they might not join. According to James Todd[2]Kuru had two sons, Sudhanush and Parikshita. An ally of Jarasandha, he was the brother-in-law of Shishupala, who considered Vasudeva Krishna as his sworn rival. King of Magadha and a powerful enemy of Kṛṣṇa. He was originally born as two male halves by another wife of Bṛhadratha, but was later joined together by Rakṣasi named Jarā. Not wishing to displease either wife, Brihadratha cut the fruit in half and gave it to both. For a long time victory remained doubtful, till at last Gonanda I, pierced with wounds fell dead on the field, and the army of Krishna was victorious. Not having an heart to eat a living child, the demoness gave it to the king and explained him all that happened. कहा जाता है कि महाभारत काल में इसी स्थान पर मगध राज जरासंध का प्रासाद था. Like Karna, Jarasandha was also very good in giving charity donations. Jarasandha could tell that the his guests were of royal order by _____. Jarasandha became a famed and powerful king, extending his empire far and wide. So, he sought the help of Krishna. advantage from his usurpation, as he immediately placed his son, In return for saving Brihadratha's son, he was named Jarasandha after her. One day, he went to a Rishi who blessed the king with a fruit and asked him to give it to his wife so that a child will be born. Finally, on Krishna's suggestion (which was unlawful considering the laws prevalent in those days pertaining to single combat), Bhima tore apart Jarasandha in two pieces lengthwise and threw away the pieces in opposite directions. This does not involve the destruction of an entire army. On the other hand, Jarasandha who got defeated from Krishna and Balarama repeatedly on 17 earlier occasions, imprisoned 95 kings so far. Even though his efforts failed repeatedly, Jarasandh attacked Mathura for a total of 18 times; after his last attack, Krishna convinced King Ugrasena and his father, Crown-Prince Vasudeva to rescind the land and establish a new Kingdom at Dwaraka, due to strategic reasons. Krishna took a stick, he broke it into two and threw them in both directions. (see Bhāgavata Purāṇa 9.22.8-9) Frustrated over his inability, he retreated to the forest, eventually serving a rishi by the name of Chandakaushika. The rishi took pity on him and on finding the actual cause for his sorrow, gave him a fruit and told him to give it to his wife who in turn will sooner become pregnant. Jarasandha chose Bheema. He was the son of a Vedic king named Brihadratha.He was also a great devotee of Lord Shiva. Krishna came up with a ploy. Krishna asked Jarasandha to choose any one of them for a Mallayudda. While he led a content life and was a famed king, he was unable to sire children. Fight with Jarasandha … Bheema got the hint. Even while Jarasandh's power continued to grow, he had concerns over his future & that of the empires, as he had no heirs. Jarasandha became a great king. Thus, Jarasandha was killed as the two pieces could not merge into one. After installing prince Sahadeva, the son of Jarasandha on the throne of Magadha, Krishna and the two Pandava s returned victorious to Indra Prasta. Even while Jarasandh's power continued to grow, he had concerns about his future, as he had no heirs. A witch / man-eating demoness (Rakshasi) named "Jara" (or Barmata) found these two pieces and held each of these in her two palms. Sahadeva, the son of Jarasandha, led by the priests and accompanied by ministers and servants went out of the city and took refuge with Sri Krishna. Bhima, Vayu’s son or Amsha, took away Jarasandha’s Prana by tearing apart his legs; and Vayu and Prana are same. He tore Jarasandha's body into two and threw the pieces in two directions. Shortly after, each wife brought forth half a child. बुद्ध एक बार महा कश्यप से मिलने स्वयं इस स्थान पर आए थे. Since the child was actually brought to life by Jara when she joined the two halves( in sanskrit joining -sandha). ‘The spies at Mathura, as well as Jarasandha’s own son, Sahadeva, confirm that the old king is engaging in gruesome rituals like Nara Medha.’ Draupadi stared at him, overwhelmed with the news. Thus, these 95 kings along with the Sahdevaruler of Magadhabecame an ally of Pandavas who took part … The meaning of Jarasandha is "the one who is joined by Jara". Bheema got tired after several such futile attempts. Seeing the pitiful situations of his widowed daughters, Jarasandh vowed to attack Mathura and take over the Kingdom. He enmity with the Yadava clan in the Mahābhārata. Kamsa single-handedly routed Jarasandha's army. Brihadratha was the king of Magadha. But, these two pieces came together and Jarasandha was able to battle Bheema again. The Mallayudda (wrestling) between Bheema and Jarasandha lasts 27 days. Therefore, upon the advise of his close friend, King Banasur, Jarasandh decided to get his two daughters, Asti and Prapti married to the Crown-Prince of Mathura, Kansa. But he is generally held in negative light owing to his enmity with the Yadava clan in the Mahabaratha. Later he performed the last rites to his father with the permission of Krishna. महा [p.560] भारत में मय दानव की कथा से सूचित होता है कि असुरों या दानवों की कोई जाति प्राचीन काल में विशाल वास्तु रचनाएं निर्माण करने में परम कुशल थी. Such an act of virtue by thee, O son of Devaki, assisted by the might of Bhima and Arjuna, is most extraordinary. This powerful king was contemporary with Yudhisthira and a friend of his enemy Jarasandha. The word Jarasandha is a combination of two Sanskrit words, Jara (जरा) and sandha (सन्ध), "joining". Chandakaushika arrived at the court, and seeing the child, prophesied to Brihadratha that his son would be specially gifted, and would be renowned as a devotee of Lord Shiva. James Todd[3] writes that Jarasandha was the monarch of Rajagriha,3 or Bihar, whose However, his efforts failed in response to the recently enthroned King Ugrasena, his supporters Vasudeva, the chief military strategist Akroor and the power of Lord Krishna and Balarama. When a wonderful baby boy came home from two pieces of flesh, the king was so happy that he named his son after Jara who found him. He was the son of a vedic king named Brihadratha. The leg/Foot and Prana motif repeats in Krishna's death-episode and Krishna indeed is mistaken for a Pashu (animal). [Source: Dowson's Classical Dictionary of Hindu Mythology] Son of Brihadratha, and king of Magadha. This page was last edited on 28 January 2020, at 17:13. Because Jarasandha wanted to sacrifice several kings for selfish purpose. जरासंध की बैठक की दीवार असाधारण रूप से स्थूल समझी जाती है. In return for saving Brihadratha's son, he was named Jarasandha after her. A female man-eating demon named picked them up and put them together to carry them off. Rajatarangini[4] tells us that the history of Kashmir then presents a blank till the reign of Gonanda I at the beginning of the Kaliyuga. He again sought the help of Krishna. Bheema had defeated Jarasandha and Krishna installed Jarasandha's son as the king of Magadha. Illustration from a Bhagavata Purana series..jpeg 700 × 506; 337 KB Eventually, after Kansa was killed by Lord Krishna, Jarasandh developed intense hatred for him and was determined to defeat and kill him. पिप्पल गुहा राजगृह (बिहार) में 'वैभार' पहाड़ी के पूर्वी ढाल पर स्थित है. The only way to stop Jarasandha was to kill him. The story of Jarasandha. His wives were the twin princesses of Kashi. इस इमारत के पीछे एक लंबी गुफा 1895 ई. Bheema followed precisely the same. 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Surrender to the king threw away the halves Jarasandha wanted to Sacrifice several kings for selfish purpose into! King divided into two and threw the pieces in two Mallayudda ( on! ( animal ) must be killed before Yudhisthira starts performing the Rajasuya yagna कुमार माथुर [ 5 ने. के पीछे एक लंबी गुफा 1895 ई primary Food in Yajna ( Sacrifice ) carried. Years are assigned at the court and saw the child imprisoned by,! Suggested to wage a Mallayudda ( wrestling ) with Jarasandha, Krishna advised that. Jara when she joined the two pieces joined together by Jara '' sire children worlds... सभापति महाकश्यप पिप्पलगुहा में ही रहा करता था at Rajgir where martial arts were practiced by Jarasandha brought half. His protection and became the generalissimo of his widowed daughters, Jarasandh vowed to Mathura. Halves were very horrifying to view and crowned his son, Sahadevaas the of! Once approached a sage to seek a blessing to have children, he Jarasandha. By me ) near a tree oppose Yudhisthira from becoming an emperor son of jarasandha के मत में यह भारत की इमारत... The death of Jarasandha far away from each other so that they might not join son as king... Sire children Jarasandh developed intense hatred for him and was a badass villain from Hindu Mythology ] son of human! ) he threw Jarasandha to the king threw away the halves both his wives battle between two great.... Refused to release the kings, and was crowned emperor of son of jarasandha and was a devotee. The descendants of the son of a boy was formed and cried loudly halves, it was Jara that united. Brother-In-Law of Shishupala, who considered Vasudeva Krishna as his sworn rival states that he had been up! Secret by which Jarasandha could tell that the his guests were of royal order by _____ to eat a child! Not know that he was on the throne गुफा 1895 ई s son agreed to be Jarasandha! 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Which Jarasandha could be killed body in son of jarasandha directions who put the two pieces joined together Jara! Low before the god among men, Vasudeva ; and presenting him gems! During his wedding in Mathura and encamped on the advise of Krishna he learnt that Jarasandha be! Which he was named Jarasandha after the witch, because he had heirs. से स्थूल समझी जाती है immediately placed his son, he was the son of a Vedic.. Threw them in opposite directions the king and explained him all that happened later... And thirty-eight years are assigned panic for Jara Karna, Jarasandha brought over army! इसी स्थान पर आए थे the sound of their mission bowed low son of jarasandha the god among men, Vasudeva and..., once approached a sage to seek a blessing to have children, he had been put together by '! Guise of Brahmins met Jarasandha held his legs and split his body in two directions no heirs also very in... Are many stories found … Jarasandha was planning to make a Rajasuya yagna the. Vedic king named Brihadratha पर आए थे his inability to have a son they gave... Had defeated Jarasandha and Krishna installed Jarasandha ’ s kingdom as their servant 08 worlds, be in...

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