Africa: homophobia is a legacy of colonialism ... the effects of which haunt Africa to this day. Key words: Colonialism, Africa, values, religion, culture, morality. Data are drawn from books, articles, scholarly journals and magazines. Muslim Education in Oyo Alaafin: Challenges and developments. work without giving its adherents, and especially its clergy, as, railway, roads were also constructed. This resistance and retaliation was seen, enforce the treaties and to consolidate the British authority in the area. Africa, a continent comprised of 55 c o untries, is vast in its histories, ethnic groups, languages, and relationships to colonization. Its adherents are the majority as far as religion is concern in Nigeria. Take for instance, in Nigeria today, it is argued that colonialism is responsible for the religious and tribal disunity in the country. Nigeria as one. Lagos: CSS Press. History of Christianity in Nigeria, the Urhobo, the Isoko and the Itsekiri. This study looks into the concept of good faith from both the conventional law and Islamic law (Shariah) to find to what extent both laws comply with each other. the Universities of the Islamic World (FUIW), International Islamic University Malaysia (IIUM), and Islamic Educational, The trend would however pick up in the late 19th Century as explorers like David Livingstone and Henry-Morton Stanley explored deeper into the African interior with the professed intention of spreading the ‘Gospel and ‘Civilization’. That is to say, Islam assumes every human being as a manager (Allah's vicegerent) on the earth, who is created to effectively and efficiently manage the resources based on divine laws. Although this may be regarded as an unintended consequence, it was nevertheless  a contradiction that facilitated the Independence of African Nations. Colonization’s effects would not be limited to the appropriation of Land, it was also a process of appropriating the African mind. Section 2 presents background on the Ethnographic Atlas. Colonialism is the policy of a country seeking to extend or retain its authority over other people or territories, generally with the aim of economic dominance. The finding reveals that people are transported from darkness of the ignorance to the light of Islam. IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science, An Eclectic Approach to Islamization of Knowledge: Models and Perspectives. Slavery and colonialism destroyed traditional African boundaries, states and societies. ADVANTAGES OF COLONIALISM Religion: colonialism has helped to spread religion especially the Christian religion. of this paper lies in exposing practitioners to the possible models of Islamization of The Africans therefore believe that the environment is knitted to the presence of God. However, a full application of Islamization theories as However, in traditional religion, the institution is limitless while Islam, phase was in fifteen century, in the wake of geographical discoveries and when the European explorers were set. Many authors see the investment in the education and health sectors as the most positive impact of colonialism. This serves as background, which helps to understand the changes or transformations that occur later. This is because of political, social, cultural and economic nuances which this chapter explores. With colonialism and the concomitant formation of modern day nation states and countries, this form of human movement was not only curtailed but controlled and at worse criminalised. The novelty communities in the western world. Nigeria as one of important countries in Africa experienced exploitation between 1861 and 1960 under the Great Britain. Its advent had impact on many things such as politics, economy, religion, education and social set up of the country. Mujiz tarikh Nigeria. ... For the hard-core Muslims, some were forced to dissociate themselves from their chosen faith, and therefore practise it secretly, while others rejected western education in totality. Missionaries were the chief Social agents of the Colonial system. The study is doctrinal which utilizes descriptive approach of qualitative research methodology which relies on secondary data in form of text books, journals, newspapers, related websites etc. The Growth of Islam among the Yoruba, 1841-1908, The Fall of Nigeria: The British Conquest, Muslim traditional rulers in Nigeria: the Alaafin of Oyo during the last phase of British colonialism, 1945–1960, Sin and Its Removal in African Traditional Religion. Western education is another system that came into Nigeria as a whole through Yorubaland, with the spread of Christianity. UNICEF claims that almost 22,000 children die each day due to poverty. The study utilizes a qualitative research methodology, based on library resource. 2001). [with only] 37%… in sub-Saharan Africa” (2009: 31) Handelman continues to argue that perhaps the impact of colonialism, or in fact more precisely decolonisation with the installment of western views is a large part of what has hampered success of countless Third World countries. This policy also affected the crises in numerous ways. Faced with the Technical and apparent Cultural superiority of Western Civilization, Africans began a process of Cultural re-orientation based on the model of Western materialism. Section 3 elaborates on data construction and presents OLS In The Bible and The Gun, Basil Davidson provides an excellent account of the origins of Christianity in Africa and its negative impact on African Society and Culture. However, the degree of this phenomenon differs considerably from one country to another and from one region to another. education amidst the limiting contemporary factors which may render the Africans cannot keep peace because the cultural, religious and territorial differences that were once hushed under European rule are now exposed again with no effective mechanism to curb the violence. It shows the transformation that occurred in the Yoruba creed, their beliefs in God before and after the acceptance of Islam, not only as a religion but also as general way of life. Islamic Ethics of Management: Principles, Standards and Practices. (1984). Apparently, from the above observations, Africa is still in debt, hunger, disease, illiteracy, and civil strife. Contestations over land ownership, nativity, belonging and the subsequent displacements and dispossessions are not peculiar to Zimbabwe. the Yorubas and their geographical locations. Hopefully things will change otherwise Africa’s Political Independence is meaningless without independence of mind, pride in our own Culture and traditions. The research shows that Allah appoints man to be vicegerent on the earth and lays down some principles and standards as guidance on how to perform his duty, which he will be held accountable for and bear its consequences.
Colonialism is when a country or state overpower a particular state by a use of propaganda for them to agree with their terms without the targeted state or country saying anything to the above-mentioned terms (Ocheni & Basil, 2012). The paper begins with brief introduction of what is known as Yoruba. on the sea seeking the route to India. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Portuguese expansion into Africa began with the desire of King John I to gain access to the gold-producing areas of West Africa. [19] emerged to provide the steering theoretical underpinnings for the Islamization of Under these circumstances, its certainly embarassing and shocking but not inconceivable why some Africans would be duped into believing that a White Man from the United States is the second coming of Christ, just because he looks like the Jesus or Saviour they just saw in the last Church Book and have been taught to believe in all their lives. 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